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Bible study on the Sabbath.

Gen. 2:1-3; Ex. 31:13-17; Heb. 4:1-10

God's rest on the seventh day, following creation, did not set forth an ordinance men observed from the beginning.

It foreshadowed the Jewish Sabbath that was instituted after Israel's exodus from Egypt, and the saints' eternal rest (i.e., eternal Sabbath) in heaven.


Deut. 5:1-4, 12-14

The Jews were commanded to keep the Sabbath after God freed them from slavery in Egypt.

The Sabbath was not given to their fathers (e.g., Adam, Noah, Abraham).


The Sabbath was not observed by men until God commanded Israel (after crossing the Red Sea) to observe the Sabbath.

Ex. 31:13, 17-18

The Sabbath was a sign of the covenant God made with the Israelites, instituted after their exodus from Egypt.

Israel had not previously observed the Sabbath.

The Sabbath was not commanded to the Gentiles.


Ho. 2:11

Hosea prophesied that God would put an end to sabbaths.

God put an end to the observance of Sabbaths at the cross, at which time the Mosaic Law was abolished and put to death (Eph. 2:15-16; Col. 2:13-14).


Ex. 31:14; 35:2

Anyone desiring to keep the Sabbath must kill anyone in his household who profanes the Sabbath.

Ex. 16:29

If anyone keeps the Sabbath, he must stay at home. Therefore, he cannot go to a church service on the Sabbath.

Ex. 16:23; 35:3

If someone keeps the Sabbath, he cannot kindle a fire or cook food on that day.

Num. 28:9-10

Anyone keeping the Sabbath must have a Jewish priest offer an animal sacrifice for him.

Neh. 9:14

God made His Sabbath known to Israel, not to the Gentiles.

Rom. 14:5; Col. 2:16

Christians can observe the Sabbath if they choose. But, they cannot bind it upon other people and they cannot make observance of the Sabbath a part of the church's worship.


Heb. 7:12-14

God changed the law. We do not worship on the Sabbath as God commanded the Jews.

We must obey Jesus (Heb. 5:9) and worship as He commands, in fulfillment of His law (Gal. 6:2; 1 Cor. 9:21).

If we try to worship God as prescribed in the law of Moses, rather than worshiping as commanded in Christ's law, we are severed from Christ and have fallen from grace (Gal. 5:4), and our worship is vain (Mk. 7:6-9).


Heb. 8:7-13

Corresponding to the fact that we live under a different law than the Jews who came out of Egypt, we also live under a different covenant (Heb. 8:7-13).

The Sabbath was sign of the covenant God made with Israel when they came out of Egypt. When the covenant ceased to exist, the sign also ceased.

Men do not keep the Sabbath as a religious ordinance from God today, because the old covenant is no longer in effect.


Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:2

The day of worship to partake of the Lord's Supper and take up a collection for the saints is the first day of the week (i.e., Sunday). This day of worship cannot be changed to the seventh day of the week (Col. 3:16-23; 1 Cor. 4:6; Rev. 22:18-19).


The first day of the week is the day following the Sabbath. The first day of the week is Sunday (Matt. 28:1; Mk. 16:1-2; Lk. 24:1; Jn. 20:1).